总论: 持之以恒+培养感觉; 精与粗相结合; 眼耳嘴手并用
  1. 听力 感觉 速度 值得背的几句 。 英语的听力 http://km2000.us/mywritings/study5.html  粗与细、精听雨略听

  2. 读力 (中文我们都讲“一目十行”,英文也行。观察一下中文为什么你行?因为:http://km2000.us/mywritings/study7.html

  3. 记单词 单词树 频度 联想 词根 金字塔法 http://km2000.us/mywritings/study3.html

  4. 语法:中学语法表、http://km2000.us/myshoots/englishgrammer.htm



【如何“读”(速读)】example1:关键词, 例子2 第一句,很重要,
【精读,感觉】孙婧妍 ,背,语感
【如何读一本书】 书,先读目录,读好书直接与大师对话 如何读一本书
      如何看”新闻联播“ Learn More, Study Less (整体性学习)
【全息学习多动笔】 写 听、写、眼耳嘴手并用,日记·模板·坚持·好习惯·正能量·语感 考试时老师喜欢的字考试拿高分的字·




  1. 重点词扫描、四快 。你只注意主词,包括动词名词地点日期等,对于之乎者也的词,基本忽略。所以如果观察一下自己的学习行为,你要读的其实就是几个关键词,

  2. 第一句,很重要,讲这一段是什么内容。

  3. 训练一目十行的看,把英文段落当成“画”来看,至少第一遍是这样,大概看个轮廓。不要上来就细读。因为考试时间往往不够用。

  4. 单词,关于单词的熟悉度,我们注意到,读有些中文单词时,有时要想一下,才能知道它的含义,读读的速度,是在这些点上被耽误的。所以,频度1-3级的(2000左右)单词,要多次的反复的看,抄,才可以形成一看就知而不用想的境界,这样,阅读速度会飞速的提高,这就是秘诀了。都记得读中文比读英文快,为什么?就是这个道理:不用想!

  5. 市面上所说的“四快”学习,就是利用了这个特点。下图举了一个例子,你的眼球可以首先定在这几个highlight上。



Learning:A Lifelong Career【学习:一生的事业】

As food is to the body, so is learning to the mind. Our bodies grow and muscles develop with the intake of adequate nutritious food. Likewise, we should keep learning day by day to maintain our keen mental power and expand our intellectual capacity. Constant learning supplies us with inexhaustible fuel for driving us to sharpen our power of reasoning, analysis, and judgment. Learning incessantly is the surest way to keep pace with the times in the information age, and an infallible warrant of success in times of uncertainty.

Once learning stops, vegetation sets in. It is a common fallacy to regard school as the only workshop for the acquisition of knowledge. On the contrary, learning should be a never-ending process, from the cradle to the grave. With the world ever changing so fast, the cease from learning for just a few days will make a person lag behind. What's worse, the animalistic instinct dormant deep in our subconsciousness will come to life, weakening our will to pursue our noble ideal, sapping our determination to sweep away obstacles to our success and strangling our desire for the refinement of our character. Lack of learning will inevitably lead to the stagnation of the mind, or even worse, its fossilization, Therefore, to stay mentally young, we have to take learning as a lifelong career.


例子2 第一句,很重要,讲这一段是什么内容





【关于精读,背,语感: 】

清华状元 孙婧妍 http://km2000.us/mywritings/sunjingyan.htm

…… 所有学生都是读书的,而语文素养的区分,在于读什么、怎么读、能不能坚持。

…… 与填鸭般在假日里一天读十本书相比,培养细水长流的读书习惯无疑更为重要。读书的目的不在快、不在多,而在于从书中汲取营养,在于通过整个阅读过程修养一颗宁静而富有感知力的心灵。 我从在小学学会选择正确的书开始,


  • 第一遍略读以满足自己的阅读兴趣并了解书的内容与结构,
  • 第二遍精读以摘抄、把握整本书的布局以及其中一些巧妙的铺垫与伏笔,
  • 如果还能再读一遍,我就会抽时间写一些类似专题研究的心得,比如对整本书思想的一个探讨,或者对书中某种表达的质疑。

…… 只有当你抱着学习的心态去品味、去研究、去思考甚至去质疑书本时,它于你才算得上有意义。

…… 除了阅读方法外,读书应当是一件精细而持续的事情。与填鸭般在假日里一天读十本书相比,培养细水长流的读书习惯无疑更为重要。

…… 这就是语感。为什么说读书能够培养语感呢?这是因为世界上的任何一本经典都是时间沉淀下来的精华,它之中的字词语句都是最为准确、最为质量上乘的。  读书多了,就会培养出语感。语感一种玄之又玄的东西,你叫一个有语感的人去做卷子,他或许




Of Study ——《论读书》

Francis Bacon

Bacon ……  Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability.…… Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man.

Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse;and for ability, is in the judgment and disposition of business.


For expert and execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best form those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgement wholly by their rules, is the humour of a scholar.


They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience.


Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them;for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation.


Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider.


Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts;others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books; else distilled books are,like common distilled waters, flashy things.


Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man.And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit; and if he read little, he had need have much cunning, to seem to know that he doth not.


Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtile; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. Abeunt studia in morse.


Nay there is no stand or impediment in the wit, but may be wrought out by fit studies: like as diseases of the body may have appropriate exercises.Bowling is good for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast;gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head; and the like. So if a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for in demonstrations, if his wit be called away never so little, he must begin again. If his wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores. If he be not apt to beat over matters, and to call up one thing to prove and illustrate another, let him study the lawyers' cases. So every defect of the mind may have a special receipt.































1.  《如何阅读一本书》是一本阅读指南,介绍了阅读的方法、技巧,阅读所应具备的广阔视野。自1948年问世以来,在西方世界好评甚多,重版多次。



2.Scott H. Young 学习理论 书名:Learn More, Study Less